65 murs ou barrières sont construits ou plannifiés près des frontières. Elisabeth Vallet, Directrice Scientifique de la Chaire Raoul Dandurand en études stratégiques et diplomatiques de l’Université du Quebec les a recensés, cartographiés et en a fait un livre.

Voir le site de France Culture

More border walls and border fences are being built every year all across the world. Bulgaria, Greece, Turkey, Morocco, and Tunisia are among the latest to announce yet another border fence. Twenty-five years ago it was believed that the fall of the Berlin Wall and the reconfiguration of international relations would open an age of globalization in which States would become obsolete, ushering in a world without borders. In the wake of 9/11, however, borders came back in light, new borders were created and new border walls erected. In the wake of the Arab Spring, came even more border barriers and walls, symbols that were thought to have disappeared with the collapse of the bipolar international system. Today, they reinforce borderlines the world over, transforming both soft and semi-permeable borders alike into sealed, exclusionary hard borders. Walls are symbols of identity reaffirmation, markers of State sovereignty, instruments of dissociation, locus of a growing violence.

Source: Elisabeth Vallet, borders, walls and violence